Wasa is a prestigious warship commissioned by King Gustav of Sweden during the Thirty Years War. He is known to have sunk very quickly, a few minutes after his second trip to sea. The shell, whole and largely intact, was bailed on 24 April 1961. Since 1987, the Wasa is expossé at the Vasa Museum in Stockholm. 95% rebuilt, it has a fixed imaged a European ship of the seventeenth century and is a cultural attractiveness of the city of Stockholm.
ABOUT THE DESIGN: All models can be made to the size and / or color of your choice, to order. Finish Hull: Hull painted in the original colors
Dimensions (Length): 60cm
BOAT TYPE: Three-masted, combining galleon and caraque
LAUNCH YEAR: 1628
CONSTRUCTION COUNTRY: Sweden
MANUFACTURERS: Henrik and Margaretha and Hybertsson and Arendt Groote (Shipyard Stockholm)
BACKGROUND: In 1626, the Protestant Sweden declares war on Catholic Poland. Its fleet is old and she lost many ships. King Gustavus Adolphus II decided to rebuild its fleet, including the most powerful ship will be named after the ruling dynasty Vasa. The king placed an order with two Dutch engineers and Hybertsson Henrik Arendt Groote. The first works in Sweden for twenty years. He has already built ships for the crown. At the time, the Dutch are renowned for being the best marine engineers in Europe. Both men must build 80 ships in four years, including the Vasa. The budget for the flagship equivalent to 25% of the country's income. Stockholm has a port and shipyard. They are located a few hundred meters from the old town on the peninsula of Blaisy Olsun in front of the palace. Employing 400 people, it is the largest company in the city. Several languages are heard in the arsenal, because engineers come mostly from abroad. Tools and iron anchors are manufactured locally in the forges. The shipyard also employs women. They make candles used on ships and weave sails. The vessels are made of oak slaughtered exclusively on the orders of the crown in winter and drag to the river to be towed. The type of wood varies with built ship. On 2 November 1626, Henrik Hybertsson got down to the construction of two smaller vessels and controls the timber accordingly. Nevertheless wishing to easily impress his enemies, King insists on the Vasa priority. The wood chosen is therefore no longer suitable. It's back to the cut. In addition, the boat is financed on credit. The crown will pay only once the ship comes. Hybertsson must advance money. He complained several times to the palace. Arendt Groote borrow large sums from Dutch bankers. In May 1627, Henrik Hybertsson dies of illness. His Margaretha wife succeeded him. A widow is entitled to take over the affairs of her husband. She faces strikes. The workers, who have not been paid for months, refusing to continue the work. Strikes are prohibited, the leaders were hanged. On 16 January 1628, Gustav II Adolf went on site to see the progress. Although the hull is completed, the king surprised the backlog and mismanagement of the site. Margaretha replies that it has cash flow problems due to the fact that the king did not pay. The budget for the Vasa is 40,000 dallers, gold hull has already cost 53,000. Henrik and Margaretha Hybertsson employ the Dutch method of assembling the boards of the bow and stern and climbing the gunwale. Thousand Oaks 8000 iron dowels are necessary for its construction. The rope, hemp Latvia, the rope is made of Rikanonberg. This is an ancient monastery transformed in which orphans work in exchange for room and board. Cranes load the 64 cannons, which are spread over the two lower decks, and 2000 barrels of food or rations for two months. Workers marching in huge wheels for winch cables. The people marched on the dock to admire the gigantic vessel measuring 50 meters high and 69 long, with ten sails. The stern is decorated with gold patterns and adorned with sculptures in vivid colors. The goal is to show the power and wealth of Sweden. Söfrig Hannson was appointed captain of the ship. In July 1628, the ship is finally ready. However, heavy rains and high winds do not allow an output port. A ship of this caliber is not easily maneuverable. On Sunday, August 10, 1628, the weather conditions are right. The people crowd on the pier to watch the show. For its maiden voyage, the Vasa join the small town of Bagson located about twenty kilometers. On this occasion, women and children of seamen given permission to board. They descend to Bagson, where soldiers must embark to fight in Germany. The wind is so low it takes the Vasa haul out of the harbor. After two hours, the large sails are hoisted and traditional salvo is fired. The ship is too unstable and pitching. A gust of sudden wind bends it. Water seeps through the portholes. The boat pitches forward. The sailors move the guns to balance, but it is already too late. The people of the lower deck drowned. The crew decides to leave the ship. Around 18 o'clock the Vasa sank. Of the 130 people on board, 40 died. The admiral sent a letter to King warring party in Germany, informing the drama and indicate he opens an investigation into the circumstances of the sinking. Söfrig Hanson is imprisoned. When questioned, the captain says the Vasa had too many defects in workmanship and reacted badly to the maneuvers. He was released against bail and charged refloating the ship, that is to say recover the wreck lying thirty meters deep. The operation is too difficult and only the guns are brought to the surface. On 5 September 1628, the Grand Admiral chairing a committee to punish the guilty. Erik Kremer, Vice Admiral was on board. Accused of having failed in his duties, he says he came down to help the crew to move the guns to counterbalance and he nearly drowned. He adds that it is not a seaman he had supported the arming of the vessel. He concluded by recalling that the navigation issues are the responsibility of the captain and his second. The commission convenes it. He and the captain found that the Vasa was an unstable ship. He says that Admiral Klas Fleming interrupted a rolling test for fear the ship capsized in the harbor. The commission convenes Arendt Groote and asked about the design errors. He followed the king's instructions to the letter. The board may appoint a and closes the case. However, Margaretha Hibernsold is returned from the shipyard and its books are entered. His son was arrested and probably executed because there is no trace of him after the trial. Arendt Groote leaves Sweden. The wreck was rediscovered in 1950, rising 24 April 1961 under the eyes of King Gustavus Adolphus VI descendant of Gustav II Adolf who has never seen this vessel. Recent research has demonstrated that the ship had an unbalance. Given the ship's size would have required 220 tons of stone ballast for the ship properly. But given the size of the hold, it was shipped 120 tons of stone. Stored at the Vasa Museum and reconstructed to 95%, it has a fixed imaged a European ship of the seventeenth century and is a cultural attractiveness of the city of Stockholm. Today Vasa syndrome refers to the failure of a communication fault project and taking responsibility of the different people involved.
AND TODAY ? Stored at the Vasa Museum and reconstructed to 95%, it has a fixed imaged a European ship of the seventeenth century and is a cultural attractiveness of the city of Stockholm. Today Vasa syndrome refers to the failure of a communication fault project and taking responsibility of the different people involved.
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